This is a draft peace plan for Israel and Palestine. Although it would be a challenge to implement it, the plan can work in practice, now or in the future. The proposal can be improved but the main points must remain. Details should be left to the two parties and to the international community to work out suitable arrangements. All suggestions, questions and comments are welcome, here or at email@example.com
Two states – There will be two independent states. The 1967 borders will be basis for the final agreement but territory swaps will be possible. East Jerusalem will be under international supervision for five years; if the peace is maintained it will become part of Palestine. The rest of the city will be in Israel.
The two states should recognise each other and eventually establish full diplomatic relations. Palestine will preferably recognise Israel as a nation state of the Jewish people and all others who live there.
International presence in Palestine – There will be large-scale international presence in Palestine; military, police and civilians. It will be indefinite until further arrangement. The international presence will provide security for Israel and Palestine and help Palestinians reconstruct their country, and it will also deter new Israeli settlements.
The bulk of the international personnel should be from the majority-Muslim countries that enjoy diplomatic relations with Israel (at the moment the role of Turkey is unlikely but in future it could be important). Other troops should be led by the UN.
There will be a ‘special representative’ in Palestine, appointed by the UN Security Council and approved by Palestine and Israel. This person will be in charge of the international mission. The special representative will be a good negotiator, respected by the two sides and someone inclined towards compromise. The special representative will coordinate international presence with the Palestinian government and will also be regularly in contact with the Israeli government; in a manner which will be agreed with the Palestinian government.
Once the international presence is established, Israel will stop incursions and attacks on Palestinian territory.
Courts – As part of the international presence, foreign judges will operate in Palestinian courts in cooperation with their Palestinian colleagues; in order to help, oversee and train.
Policing – There will be mixed police patrols, Palestinian and international, operating in Palestine, including East Jerusalem. The international police will have the same rights as the local force. The mixed patrols will engage in regular policing tasks and, in addition, focus their efforts on preventing rocket attacks on Israel.
Refugees – Refugees will to some extent be able to choose where they want to live, as envisaged by the Geneva Accord of 2003; http://www.buypeace.com/geneva-accord.pdf http://www.geneva-accord.org/mainmenu/english
Settlers. The settlers in Palestine will be allowed to stay. They will enjoy special status for three years and will be allowed to carry light weapons for protection. During this period they will be looked after by international troops.
The settlers will be entitled to a dual citizenship or permanent residence in Palestine, according to their preference. After three years, they will decide where they want to live.
Sea blockade – The international military and civilian structures will be in charge of Palestinian territorial waters. The sea blockade will be lifted when Israel is safe; to be decided in agreement with Israel.
Link between West Bank and Gaza strip – The Palestinians will have a road link between West Bank and Gaza Strip. The two sides will find a mutually convenient arrangement. If land swaps lead to a natural link between the two territories, all other arrangements will be abandoned.
New constitution in Palestine – The Palestinian politicians and people will decide what sort of constitution they want but it is vital that Palestine is a democratic country, where all minorities will enjoy full rights and representation. Foreign legal experts will offer any help needed.
EU membership – If the two countries are at peace with each other for at least ten years and if they want to, the EU will offer them full membership status or special partnership. Citizens of Israel and Palestine will be able to live and work in the EU and vice versa. If violence returns, the scheme will end; the EU will decide when.
Referendum – There will be a referendum in Israel and Palestine and the people there will decide whether to approve the deal. The referendum should happen before any other event; hopefully in both countries at the same time.
In addition, the leaders of the two countries should be in permanent contact.
The international community must treat the Israel/Palestine crisis as an absolute priority.